ex-ISPA Facility

ex-ISPA Facility

ISPA - Instrument for Structural Policies Pre-Accession


ISPA (Instrument for Structural Policies for Pre-Accession) is a programme of the European Union, which came into force starting with the year 2000. Its objective is to develop the transport infrastructure and the environment protection in the candidate countries for the accession to the European Union.

The support provided through ISPA focused on improving the two sectors - transport and environment - until the achievement of the community standards, thus supporting the beneficiary countries in the process of adopting and implementing the community legislation.

At the same time, the usage of the ISPA facility also aimed at familiarizing the candidate countries with the EU procedures regarding the efficient and transparent management of the Structural Funds and of the Cohesion Fund, which they benefit from after accession.


ISPA or transport


Out of the more than 60 ISPA Financing Memoranda concluded between the European Commission and the Government of Romania in the period 2000-2006, 20 of them regard the transport sector.

Among the 20 Financing Memoranda for the transport sector:


  • 11 Financing Memoranda have been signed for the projects of works in the transport sector, in total value of 1,257.1 million EURO and
  • 9 Financing Memoranda have been signed for technical assistance projects in total value of 64.2 million EURO.


The projects financed until now through the ISPA funds in the transport sector aimed at modernizing and rehabilitating the transport infrastructure and at ensuring the connection with the EU transport networks, improving the services and increasing the traffic safety for all modes of transport, as well as minimizing the adverse effects of transport on the environment.


The priority investments in the transport sector targeted the infrastructure improvement of the two pan-European corridors crossing Romania from the West to the East (Corridor IV) and from the North to the South (Corridor IX). These European corridors are of a multimodal type, since they are composed of road and railway infrastructure, as well as of river and marine ports, as junctions and collection and distribution centres between the modes of transport.

The final beneficiaries of the investment projects in the transport sector are the national companies which have the capacity to develop infrastructure projects at such scale and we mention in this context the National Company for Motorways and National Roads (NCMNR) and the Romanian National Company for Railways (CFR). Each of the two companies has created an independent structure in order to manage the ISPA projects, generically named ISPA Agencies.

Moreover, for the shipment projects there is a structure within the Ministry of Transport - the ISPA MTI Agency - that manages the funds allocated by the European Commission through the ISPA Facility for the improvement of the navigation conditions on the Danube.


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In Romania, the transport projects that benefit from ISPA financing are being managed by the following agencies: ISPA MTI Agency, ISPA CFR SA Agency, ISPA NCMNR Agency.

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